El perfil óptimo de flexibilidad en jóvenes jugadores de fútbol durante su periodo sensible del desarrollo físico. Batería ROM-SPORT

Palabras clave: rango de movimiento, deporte, periodo sensible de entrenamiento, habilidades motrices básicas, infancia, adolescencia

Resumen

Desde una perspectiva fundamental, se recomienda desarrollar la flexibilidad en su periodo sensible en el deporte base de acuerdo al modelo de desarrollo deportivo a largo plazo. Sin embargo, estudios previos no han analizado e interpretado el perfil de flexibilidad de jugadores de fútbol en su periodo sensible. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el perfil de flexibilidad óptimo en jugadores de fútbol sub-10. Un total de 22 jugadores de fútbol con edades comprendidas entre los 7 y 10 años (edad: 8,9±0,9 años; peso: 33,5±6,3 kg; talla: 136,4±6,7 cm; 14,3±22,8 kg/m2) participaron voluntariamente en este estudio. El perfil de flexibilidad del miembro inferior fue determinado del batería ROM-SPORT a través de sus 11 tests angulares pasivos máximos. Para el establecimiento del perfil óptimo de flexibilidad fue calculado el percentil 80. Los resultados establecen el perfil de óptimo flexibilidad de 22 jugadores de fútbol sub-10 en 21,8º para psoasilíaco, 43,4º para piramidal, 35,0º para gemelo, 39.8º para sóleo, 37,4 para aductores, 62,4º para músculos rotadores externos de cadera, 67,2º para músculos rotadores internos de cadera, 69,0º para aductores monoarticulares, 80º para isquiosural, 145,8º para cuádriceps y 147,0º para glúteo mayor. El presente estudio aporta los primeros valores de referencia del perfil óptimo de flexibilidad de la extremidad inferior en jugadores de fútbol sub-10. Estos valores pueden ser utilizados como objetivos específicos cuantificables en el entrenamiento de la flexibilidad en el periodo sensible de esta cualidad física. 

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Biografía del autor/a

Antonio Cejudo , Universidad de Murcia

Departamento de Actividad Física y Deporte.
Correo electrónico: antonio.cejudo@um.es
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Citas

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Publicado
2020-06-14
Cómo citar
Cejudo , A. (2020). El perfil óptimo de flexibilidad en jóvenes jugadores de fútbol durante su periodo sensible del desarrollo físico. Batería ROM-SPORT. JUMP, (2), 16–25. https://doi.org/10.17561/jump.n2.2
Sección
Artículos de investigación