EU, Trading and human rights: consistent framework?

Authors

  • Carolina Jiménez Sánchez Universidad de Málaga

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17561/tahrj.v17.6124

Keywords:

Human rights, Trading, self-determination, European Union, Occupied Territories, GSP

Abstract

The relationship between European Union and International Human Rights Law has not always been close. The global projection of the EU, specially, its interest in becoming a leader in international trade, is facing its negative impact in some territories, specially those affected by human rights violation or negation of fundamental rules of International Law, such as ius cogens self-determination of people. This paper will examine to what extend the practice of the European Union trading with occupying and administrative powers in some territories could jeopardise its compliance with its own values and principles.

References

CASSESE, A., (2005), International Law, Oxford University Press.

DER-CHIN HORNG, (2003), “The Human Rights Clause in the European Union´s External Trade and Development Agreements”, European Law Journal, 9, 5, (2003) 677-701. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1468-0386.2003.00198.x

GASHI, K.; MUSLIU, V.; ORBIE, J., (2017), “Mediation Through Recontextualization: The European Union and the Dialogue Between Kosovo and Serbia, European Foreign Affair Review”, vol. 22, nº 4, 533-550.

GÓMEZ COSARNAU, A., (2003), “El uso de la cláusula democrática y de derechos humanos en las relaciones exteriores de la Unión Europea”, Observatori de Política Exterior Europea Working Paper, nº 39.

JANER TORRENS, J. D., (2017), “Sistema de Preferencias Generalizadas y promoción de los derechos humanos en la acción exterior de la Unión Europea”, in MARTÍNEZ CAPDEVILLA, C.; MARTÍNEZ PÉREZ, E., Retos para la Acción Exterior de la Unión Europea, Tirant lo Blanch, 631-652.

JULIÁ BARCELÓ, M., (2019), “La proyección Exterior De La Identidad Europea: Política Comercial Común Y Condicionalidad En Materia De Derechos Humanos”, Cuadernos Europeos De Deusto, n.º 02 (febrero), 287-308. https://doi.org/10.18543/ced-02-2019pp287-308

KASSOTI, E., (2017), “The Legality under International Law of the EU’s Trade Agreements covering Occupied Territories: A Comparative Study of Palestine and Western Sahara”, CLEER PAPERS 2017/3.

KASSOTI, E., (2018), “The EU and Western Sahara: An Assessment of Recent Developments”, European Law Review, 5 751-769.

KOSKENIEMI, M.; LEINO, P., (2002), “Fragmentation of International Law? Postmodern Anxieties”, Leiden Journal of International Law, vol. 15, issue 3, 553-579. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0922156502000262

LENAERTS, K., (2012), “Exploring the Limits of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights”, European Constitutional Law Review, 8, 3, (2012) 375-403. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1574019612000260

PAYANDEH, M., (2015), “Fragmentation within International Human Rights Law”, en Mads Andenas/Eirik Bjorge (eds.), A Farewell to Fragmentation: The ICJ’s Role in the Reassertion and Convergence of International Law, Cambridge University Press.

VAN DER LOO, G., (2018), “The Dilemma of the EU’s Future Trade Relations with Western Sahara Caught between strategic interests and international law?”, CEPS, Commentary, Thinking ahead for Europe, 20 April 2018

VAN ELSUWEGE, P., (2017), “Legal Creativity in EU External Relations: The Stabilization and Association Agreement Between the EU and Kosovo”, European Foreign Affairs Review, vol 22, nº 3, 393-409.

WAHLQVIST, T, (2021), Trade agreements with occupying powers: A case study of the EU external action in Western Sahara from a social justice perspective, Uppsala University.

WISEHART, D., (2014), “The Crisis in Ukraine and the Prohibition of the Use of Force: A Legal Basis for Russia’s Intervention?” EJIL: Talk!, 4 March 2014.

WRANGE, P., (2015), Occupation/Annexation of a Territory: Respect for International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights and Consistent EU Policy, Study undertaken at the Request of the European Parliament 30 June 2015, PE 534.995.

Published

2021-12-17

How to Cite

Jiménez Sánchez, C. (2021). EU, Trading and human rights: consistent framework?. The Age of Human Rights Journal, (17), 244–260. https://doi.org/10.17561/tahrj.v17.6124

Issue

Section

ARTICLES