A Comparative Analysis on International Refugee Law and Temporary Protection in the Context of Turkey


  • Dikran M. Zenginkuzucu İstanbul Esenyurt Üniversitesi




Turkish Law on Foreigners and International Protection, Turkey’s asylum system, Turkish temporary protection regime, Syrian asylum seekers in Turkey, International protection


The Syrian civil war prompted a large number of people to flee their country and seek asylum in other countries, making Turkey a leading host country with around 3.6 million of asylum seekers. Syrian asylum seekers in Turkey are under temporary protection regime. This article examines Turkish temporary protection regime in comparison with international protection standards and human rights law, especially with the UNHCR Guideline and European Union legislation on temporary protection and European Court on Human Rights judgements. In this respect, this article argues that Turkish legislation has met the fundamental requirements of international protection law and standards, however, still needs to be improved in some crucial areas. In this regard, the international protection law and the difference between the status of refugee and temporary protection is explored. Subsequently, declaration of temporary protection in case of a mass-influx, the rights and freedoms covered under temporary protection, non-refoulement principle and termination of temporary protection regime under Turkish Temporary Protection Regulation are discussed and compared with the international standards. Finally, some conclusions and recommendations for the improvement are deduced from this discussion.


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How to Cite

Zenginkuzucu, D. M. (2021). A Comparative Analysis on International Refugee Law and Temporary Protection in the Context of Turkey. The Age of Human Rights Journal, (17), 385–410. https://doi.org/10.17561/tahrj.v17.6297