Análisis de un protocolo preventivo contextualizado en jóvenes futbolistas

Autores/as

  • Rafael Lorente-Corvi Preparador físico de El Mar Menor Fútbol Club

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17561/jump.n4.2

Palabras clave:

Prevención, fútbol juvenil, lesión, ratio de lesión

Resumen

El fútbol es un deporte altamente lesivo debido a diversos factores. La lesión disminuye el rendimiento no solo del jugador sino también del equipo, lo que crea la necesidad de establecer programas preventivos para paliar, en la medida de lo posible, la tasa lesional. El objetivo del presente estudio fue diseñar un programa preventivo contextualizado y analizar la reducción lesional derivada de su implementación en jóvenes futbolistas. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 20 futbolistas de la categoría juvenil del Fútbol Club Cartagena, con una media de 6 horas de entrenamiento semanal. Tras una breve valoración inicial, llevaron a cabo un nuevo protocolo de prevención con diferentes ejercicios agrupados en 2 niveles de dificultad. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de cada una de las variables cuantitativas. Los resultados muestran una disminución del 65% del número total lesiones, entre temporadas, y en gran medida de las graves. La tasa de reducción lesiva obtenida está por encima de diferentes estudios que analizan la eficacia en diversos programas preventivos. Un programa de entrenamiento preventivo basado en la contextualización de los participantes ha resultado en una reducción de la tasa lesiva. Los entrenadores y profesionales del deporte disponen de una herramienta para disminuir el riesgo de lesión.

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2021-12-01

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Lorente-Corvi, R. (2021). Análisis de un protocolo preventivo contextualizado en jóvenes futbolistas. JUMP, (4), 10–25. https://doi.org/10.17561/jump.n4.2

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Artículos de investigación