Efecto de 2 y 4 meses de práctica de fútbol en el desarrollo osteogénico de niños prepuberales

Autores/as

  • Antonio Hernandez-Martin IGOID Research Group, Physical Activity and Sport Sciences Department, University of Castilla-La Mancha, 45004 Toledo
  • Javier Sanchez-Sanchez School of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Madrid
  • Samuel Manzano-Carrasco IGOID Research Group, Physical Activity and Sport Sciences Department, University of Castilla-La Mancha
  • Jose Luis Felipe School of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Madrid
  • Leonor Gallardo IGOID Research Group, Physical Activity and Sport Sciences Department, University of Castilla-La Mancha, 45004 Toledo
  • Jorge García-Unanue IGOID Research Group, Physical Activity and Sport Sciences Department, University of Castilla-La Mancha, 45004 Toledo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17561/jump.n4.3

Palabras clave:

Fútbol, niños, prepuberales, contenido mineral óseo, densidad mineral ósea

Resumen

El fútbol en edad infantil o juvenil se ha utilizado como una herramienta para mejorar la salud y prevenir futuras enfermedades. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar) el efecto de la participación de 2 y 4 meses en un deporte osteogénico como el fútbol en las variables de contenido mineral óseo y densidad mineral ósea en niños prepuberales. Se incluyeron 20 niños de categoría sub-10 (9,5 ± 1,4 años) que realizaban entrenamiento de fútbol 3 horas a la semana y se encontraban en la etapa de Tanner I. Los valores de densidad mineral ósea y contenido mineral óseo se midieron mediante un absorciómetro de rayos X de doble energía. Los resultados mostraron un incremento de los valores de contenido mineral óseo y densidad mineral ósea total tras los dos meses de práctica (p<0,05; TE: 0,11 y TE: 0,27 respectivamente), valores significativamente mayores tras cuatro meses de práctica en comparación con el valor inicial y el valor tras dos meses (p<0,05; TE: 0,40 y TE: 0,13 respectivamente). Aumento significativo de contenido mineral óseo y densidad mineral ósea en las piernas a los dos y cuatro meses de práctica (p<0,05; TE: 0,43 y TE: 0,40 respectivamente). Los datos sugieren que un programa de entrenamiento de fútbol recreativo de 2 y 4 meses es beneficioso para el desarrollo osteogénico y la salud de los niños durante la etapa prepuberal.

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Publicado

2022-03-08

Cómo citar

Hernandez-Martin, A., Sanchez-Sanchez, J., Manzano-Carrasco, S., Luis Felipe, J., Gallardo, L., & García-Unanue, J. (2022). Efecto de 2 y 4 meses de práctica de fútbol en el desarrollo osteogénico de niños prepuberales. JUMP, (4), 26–32. https://doi.org/10.17561/jump.n4.3

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Artículos de investigación