Alternative pathways: expressive arts in prision
Numerous pathways of social maladjustment culminate in punitive and restrictive measures. Often these measures do not focus on the possibility of listening to the internal expression or in alternative to the development of these individuals. Often the close doors of prisons are also darkness without doors.
The experience of the arts (based on principles of expressive arts therapy) can function in these individuals as a guide leading to the discovery of the origins of anger, and enables them to be active and creative in their own recovery process.
In this text the authors intend to reflect on the applications of different artistic forms in institutional settings that are intended to rehabilitation of young people and adults whose behaviors were typed as dangerous in a legal framework.
They present 11 projects carried out in these contexts in Portugal. Data collection was carried out through semi-structured interview conducted with project coordinators. Subsequently these data were processed using the methodology of content analysis. Results highlight important positive changes in participants’ assets in these projects.
Almeida, L. & Freire, T. (2008) Metodologia da investigação em Psicologia e Educação. Braga: Psiquilíbrios Edições.
Anderson, T. & Kanuka, H. (2003). e-Research, methods, strategies and issues. USA: Person Education
Ambridge, A. (2008). The anger of abused children. In, M. Liebmann (Eds.), Art therapy and anger (pp. 27-41). Londres: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Argue, J., Bennett, J. & Gussak, D. (2009). Transformation through negotiation: Initiating the inmate mural arts program. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 36, pp. 313-319; doi: 10.1016/j.aip.2009.07.005.
Bogdan, R & Biklen, S. (2010). Investigação qualitativa em educação: Uma introdução à teoria e aos métodos. Porto: Porto Editora.
Gussak, D. (2007). The effectiveness of art therapy in reducing depression in prison populations. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 51, pp. 444-460.
Liebmann, M. (Eds.)(2008). Art therapy and anger. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Minayo, M. (2007). Trabalho de campo: contexto de observação, interação e descoberta. In, Suely Deslandes, Romeu Gomes e Maria Minayo (org.), Pesquisa social: teoria, método e criatividade, (26 Ed). Rio de Janeiro: Vozes.
Nissimov-Nahum, E. (2009). Use of a drawing task to study art therapists’ personal experiences in treating aggressive children. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 36, pp. 140-147; doi: 10.1016/j.aip.2008.12.001.
Quintãns, C. (2009). Era uma vez a instituição onde eu cresci. Dissertação de Mestrado, Instituto de Educação e Psicologia – Universidade do Minho, Braga, Portugal.