La influencia de la posesión del balón en el rendimiento físico en el fútbol profesional. Una revisión sistemática

  • Carlos Lago Peñas Universidad de Vigo y Sport Performance Analysis Association https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1626-2035
  • Pablo Sanromán Álvarez Universidad de Vigo y Sport Performance Analysis Association
Palabras clave: Fútbol, posesión del balón, rendimiento físico, revisión sistemática

Resumen

El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática ha sido analizar la influencia de la posesión del balón en el rendimiento físico de los equipos y los jugadores en el fútbol masculino de elite. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática de artículos relevantes en inglés en una base de datos (Web of Science Core Collection) y un motor de búsqueda (PubMed) siguendo el protocolo de PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses). Las palabras clave “association football” y “soccer” se relacionaron con los términos: “possession of the ball”, “possession” “physical activity” y “physical performance”. Se buscaron estudios empíricos relacionados con el rendimiento físico y la posesión del balón para su inclusión y análisis. Se revisó el texto completo de 21 estudios. Globalmente, tener un alto (51–66%) o bajo (34–50%) porcentaje de posesión del balón produce diferencias muy poco relevantes en las distancias recorridas por los jugadores. Tan sólo la distancia cubierta con y sin la posesión del balón es significativamente diferente. Además, no está claro que correr más o menos pueda asociarse con un incremento de las probabilidades de ganar o perder. 

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Publicado
2020-06-30
Cómo citar
Lago Peñas, C., & Sanromán Álvarez, P. (2020). La influencia de la posesión del balón en el rendimiento físico en el fútbol profesional. Una revisión sistemática. JUMP, (2), 68–80. https://doi.org/10.17561/jump.n2.7
Sección
Artículos de revisión