Efecto de la utilización de pulseras inteligentes para el incremento de la actividad física en adolescentes de un entorno rural: Estudio Piloto

Palabras clave: Salud, alumnado, educación, intervención, pasos, recomendaciones

Resumen

Los niveles de actividad física (AF) cada vez son más bajos. Las recomendaciones de 60 minutos de actividad física moderada-vigorosa (AFMV) y entre 10.000 y 16.000 pasos al día para niños y adolescentes, solo son cumplidas por grupos minoritarios. Los programas de intervención utilizando dispositivos inteligentes son una buena opción para el incremento de la AF. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el efecto de la utilización de pulseras inteligentes para el incremento de AF en una muestra de un entorno rural. Un total de ocho estudiantes de entre 14 y 16 años participaron en este estudio. Los sujetos portaron una pulsera de actividad física Xiaomi Mi Band 4 durante dos semanas, donde se registró el número de pasos y los minutos de AFMV. La primera Semana de Control (S1), fue una semana de rutina escolar habitual. La segunda Semana de Intervención (S2), fue una intervención de promoción de la AF orientada al incremento de la misma por medio de retos. Los sujetos mostraron en la primera semana una media de 7.200 pasos/día y 173 minutos/día y, durante la segunda, una media de 12.300 pasos/día y 212 minutos/día de AFMV, mostrando así un aumento importante durante la segunda semana, respecto a la primera semana. Diferentes estudios muestran grandes incrementos de AFMV al aplicar programas de intervención, consiguiendo así que se cumplan las recomendaciones mínimas diarias de minutos de AFMV y de pasos. Se evidencia que las pulseras de AF influyen de manera positiva para el aumento de los niveles de AF, además de resultar un instrumento motivante para el alumnado. 

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Publicado
2021-01-31
Cómo citar
Díaz-Quesada, G., Puga-González, E., & Muñoz-Galiano, I. M. (2021). Efecto de la utilización de pulseras inteligentes para el incremento de la actividad física en adolescentes de un entorno rural: Estudio Piloto. JUMP, (3), 10-16. https://doi.org/10.17561/jump.n3.2
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