Perfil de fuerza isométrica máxima de los rotadores de la cadera de un equipo senior de fútbol

Autores/as

  • Antonio Cejudo Departamento de Actividad Física y Deportiva, Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte, Campus de Excelencia Internacional de la Universidad de Murcia “Campus Mare Nostrum”, Universidad de Murcia
  • José Manuel Armada-Zarco Departamento de Actividad Física y Deportiva, Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte, Campus de Excelencia Internacional de la Universidad de Murcia “Campus Mare Nostrum”, Universidad de Murcia
  • Riccardo Izzo Dipartimento di Scienze Biomolecolari, Scuola di Scienze Motorie, Università degli Studi, Urbino
  • Pilar Sainz de Baranda Departamento de Actividad Física y Deportiva, Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte, Campus de Excelencia Internacional de la Universidad de Murcia “Campus Mare Nostrum”, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17561/jump.n4.1

Palabras clave:

dinamómetro manual, deportes colectivos, test de campo, valores de referencia, desequilibrio muscular, lesión por sobreuso

Resumen

La debilidad y desequilibrios de los rotadores de cadera están asociados con las lesiones en los deportistas. El objetivo del presente estudio fue describir el perfil de fuerza isométrica máxima (FIM) de los rotadores internos (RIC) y externos (REC) de la cadera en jugadores senior de fútbol. Para ello, se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y de corte transversal con 21 jugadores senior de fútbol que participaron voluntariamente en esta experiencia. La FIM de la RIC y REC se midió con un dinamómetro manual Lafayette. Se realizó una prueba t de Student para determinar la existencia de posibles diferencias entre la FIM de la cadera dominante y no dominante, y entre los valores de la FIM de RIC y REC. Estos análisis se complementaron con el cálculo del tamaño del efecto mediante la d de Cohen. Los jugadores mostraron resultados de FIM de 200,94 ± 29,98 N, 2,66 ± 0,37 N/kg de masa corporal y 1,09 ± 0,16 N*m/kg de masa corporal en la REC; y 154,22 ± 25,09 N, 2,04 ± 0,33 N/kg de masa corporal y 0,84 ± 0,14 N*m/kg de masa corporal en la RIC. El análisis comparativo de la FIM en las diferentes unidades de medida mostró valores superiores en los REC que en los RIC (p = 0,000; d de Cohen > 1,631 [grande]). Tomando como base podemos concluir, que el procedimiento estandarizado de evaluación empleado en este estudio ha obtenido valores normativos del perfil de FIM de los rotadores de la cadera superiores a los descritos para otros jugadores de fútbol de nivel competitivo superior de ambos sexos. Los valores de la FIM de los REC son superiores a los RIC.

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Citas

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Publicado

2022-03-08

Cómo citar

Cejudo, A., Armada-Zarco, J. M., Izzo, R., & Sainz de Baranda, P. (2022). Perfil de fuerza isométrica máxima de los rotadores de la cadera de un equipo senior de fútbol. JUMP, (4), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.17561/jump.n4.1

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